Fluoride is a natural mineral found in water, food, and the earth’s crust. Scientists believe that the consumption of water containing fluoride prevents tooth decay. Many water supply authorities add fluoride to water in the areas where the level of fluoride is low. Although fluoride has certain benefits, it also has some adverse effects on our health.
Excessive fluoride consumption can cause many health issues like skeletal fluorosis, neurological problems, thyroid, tooth and bone damage, etc. If the fluoride level in your area is high, it is better to do thorough research to reduce it.
Given the health hazards associated with excessive consumption of fluoridated water, you need to learn how to remove fluoride from water at home. Here are the most common ways to reduce fluoride.
Reverse Osmosis, popularly known as RO, is an effective way that uses pressure to run the water through a permeable membrane and allows water molecules to pass through. This way, it separates any harmful elements and fluoride from your drinkable water.
Though it is a bit expensive and requires maintenance, it ensures the water is pure and drinkable for your family. Typically, people install it in their kitchen so that the water filtration system can treat your drinking and cooking water. You can also buy a whole house filter to be extra cautious.
Activated alumina produced from aluminum hydroxide by dehydroxylation is porous and solid. It absorbs fluoride and other contaminated elements from water and purifies it. These filters only work on the water with a pH level between 5 and 6. It is a complicated process, and thus you need to hire a professional.
Using a distillation unit also helps in removing fluoride from water. It was found that distillation units are more efficient than 99% water filters in reducing fluoride.
In the distillation process, the water is heated, and the steam evaporates. After this, it goes to another container leaving fluoride and other contaminated elements behind. It is a very affordable way to reduce fluoride from water.
Deionizer is a popular way to purify drinking water. It removes fluoride and ionizes salt present in water. It is an ion-exchange process in which water comes through resin beds.
You have to add a deionizer cartridge to your current water filtration system to purify water. Deionization is an affordable and best way to get fluoride-free drinkable water.
Avoid Consumption of Tap Water Directly
Whether your area has high fluoridated water or not, it is always advisable not to drink the water directly from the tap or well. You can boil the water and let it cool down, and drink it later.
Bone Char Carbon
Bone Char Carbon is the oldest known water purification process. Also known as Brimac char, it contains tricalcium phosphate that removes up to 90% fluoride and metal ions from water.
This black, granular solid efficiently removes contaminants like lead, arsenic, and cadmium. It comes in a filter cartridge form, and its high porous ionic surface removes both organic and inorganic materials.
Buying Bottled Water or Getting from Municipal Water Supply Chain
If the water in your area is severely contaminated, you can buy bottled water. Bottled water is pure and drinkable but buying it is not cost-efficient. So, check if your local municipality is supplying water in your area or not. Getting water from the municipal water supply authority is a cost-efficient way to get rid of fluoridated water.
Water Filter Pitcher
A water filter pitcher is an effective and simple way to improve the quality of water. Unlike other water filtration processes, a water filter pitcher doesn’t require installation.
You have to pour water and put it in the refrigerator. Reservoir, filter, and pitcher are the three main set-ups, where water enters into the reservoir, then goes to filter, and at the end, the filter holds the toxic elements and allows clean water to flow through it.
Gravity Water Filter
A gravity water filter is a conventional water purification process that effectively removes fluoride water. This filter consists of two sections- upper and lower sections.
One section contains the harmful elements, and the other section stores the purified water. It comes in various sizes, thus making it a portable tool for camping as well. It doesn’t require electricity and is a very cost-efficient way to filter your water.
Whole House Filter
For extra security, you can install a whole house filter. But it is expensive and requires high maintenance. For whole house filtration, you need to invest in an extensive filtration system. It purifies a large volume of water and ensures that every drop of water you are using is fluoride-free.
Fluoride prevents tooth decay, but excessive consumption of it can cause more harm than good. If you know that the water in your area is contaminated with fluoride, it is better to drink filtered water.